ottoman empire map

16 Oct ottoman empire map


Ottoman conquests reach their apogee around 1700 CE when the empire was at its largest. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. The Ottomans originally migrated from Central Asia as nomads and settled in the early 14th century as a military Turkic principality in western Anatolia (present-day TURKEY), between the frontier zone of the Seljuk state and the Byzantine Empire. Down to 24,000,000 on the eve of World War I due to territorial losses. They were defeated by the forces of Bayezid I, with many noble European captives ransomed and other prisoners executed. }, Page last modified: She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U.S. and South Korea. After that empire broke up, the Ottoman Turks began to take control of the other states belonging to the former empire and by the late 1400s, all other Turkish dynasties were controlled by the Ottoman Turks. Basic References for Research & Reading (Prof. Cuno), Sultans 1566-1914 (& other important figures), https://guides.library.illinois.edu/hist335, The Transformation of the Middle East, 1566-1914 (HIST 335), Battle fronts in Europe and campaigns against the Ottoman Empire as of 1916. "true" : "false") + "; expires=" + d.toUTCString() + "; path=/"; Population: estimated at more than 35,000,000 in 1856.
Capital: Sogut, 1302-1326; Bursa, 1326-1365; Edirne, 1365-1452; Istanbul (formerly Constantinople), 1453-1922, Peak Area: approximately 5,200,000 square kilometers (2,007,700 square miles) in 1700 CE. Share this item Share on pinterest Share on facebook Share on twitter document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(script); Minority languages included Albanian, Arabic, Assyrian, Bulgarian, Croatian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Italian, Kurdish, Persian, Somali and many more. An allied crusader army faced off with an Ottoman force at the Danube fortress of Nicopolis, Bulgaria in 1396. NEWSLETTER. At different points in its more than six centuries of existence, the empire reached down along the Nile River Valley and the Red Sea Coasts. The Ottoman Empire, which lasted from 1299 to 1922 CE, controlled a vast expanse of land around the Mediterranean Sea. This resulted in a civil war between Bayezid's sons for over 10 years and the loss of Balkan territories. The Ottomans regained control and Murad II recovered the Balkans between 1430-1450. Notable battles were the Battle of Varna in 1444 with the defeat of the Wallachian armies and the Second Battle of Kosovo in 1448. Mehmed the Conqueror, son of Murad II, achieved the final conquest of Constantinople on May 29, 1453. script.setAttribute("onerror", "setNptTechAdblockerCookie(true);"); Timur, a Turco-Mongol leader, invaded the empire from the east and defeated Bayezid I at the Battle of Ankara in 1402. Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list: Enter Your Email Address . ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Secular authority rested with the. Dr. Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture. In 1521, Suleiman the Magnificent captured Belgrade and annexed the southern and central portions of Hungary. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Background and Start of the Ottoman Empire, The Sultans of the Ottoman Empire: 1300 to 1924, Biography of Suleiman the Magnificent, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Family Background and History of the Sultans of the Ottoman Empire, The Gunpowder Empires: Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal, Biography of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Founder of the Republic of Turkey, Islamic Civilization: Timeline and Definition, Biography of Tamerlane, 14th Century Conqueror of Asia, Military History Timeline From 1401 to 1600, J.D., University of Washington School of Law, B.A., History, Western Washington University, Ottoman sultanate abolished, November 1922. This resulted in a civil war between Bayezid's sons for over 10 years and the loss of Balkan territories. Osman's son, Orhan captured Bursa in Anatolia in 1326 and made it his capital. The Ottoman Empire began in the late 1200s during the breakup of the Seljuk Turk Empire. Official language: Turkish. 12-12-2019 19:07:09 ZULU. document.cookie = "__adblocker=" + (adblocker ? Suleiman allied with France against the Holy Roman Empire of the Hapsburgs and competed with the Portuguese to add Somalia and the Horn of Africa to the Ottoman Empire. Timur, a Turco-Mongol leader, invaded the empire from the east and defeated Bayezid I at the Battle of Ankara in 1402. © 2020 University of Illinois Board of Trustees.

Official Religion: Sunni Islam. The Ottoman Empire is named after Osman I, whose birthdate isn't known and who died in 1323 or 1324.

Find ottoman empire map stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. The Ottomans emerged into a dominant Muslim force in Anatolia and the … d.setTime(d.getTime() + 60 * 60 * 24 * 2 * 1000); After the end of WWI, the League of Nations (a precursor to the United Nations) was established and, in 1922, they designated portions of the former Ottoman Empire to be controlled by Great Britain and France, largely according to what these two powers had determined in the Sykes-Picot Agreement. script.setAttribute("async", true);  (function(src){var a=document.createElement("script");a.type="text/javascript";a.async=true;a.src=src;var b=document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];b.parentNode.insertBefore(a,b)})("//experience.tinypass.com/xbuilder/experience/load?aid=bYdYZQml5V"); @media only screen and (min-device-width : 320px) and (max-device-width : 480px) {
He ruled only a small principality in Bithynia (the southwestern shore of the Black Sea in modern-day Turkey) during his lifetime. Do Not Sell My Personal Information. The Ottoman Empire extended its control through the Balkans. The Penguin state of the Middle East atlas. var setNptTechAdblockerCookie = function(adblocker) { THE OTTOMAN DYNASTY created the most enduring empire in human history. Battle fronts in Europe and campaigns against the Ottoman Empire as of 1916]. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. History Maps - Balkans; The Ottoman Empire . Maps of the Ottoman Empire; Ottoman Countries; Movies / Documentaries; Sultans 1566-1914 (& other important figures) maps at the library Battle fronts in Europe and campaigns against the Ottoman Empire as of 1916. Sultan Murad I died in the Battle of Kosovo in 1389, which resulted in the Ottoman domination of Serbia and was a stepping stone for expansion into Europe.



#ga-ad {display: none;} A LibGuide for Professor Cuno's HIST 335 course on the Ottoman Empire and Middle East. Seutter Map of Ottoman Empire, 1730 "Carte générale des limites entre les trois empires, et leurs variations successives dépuis l'année 1718 jusqu'à ce jour" Maire, François ( Central National Library of Florence, click for full view ) document.cookie = "__adblocker=; expires=Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 GMT; path=/"; In the early 1500s, Sultan Selim I expanded Ottoman rule into Egypt along the Red Sea and into Persia.

Ottoman Empire In 1914File Type: PNG, File size: 28459 bytes (27.79 KB), Map Dimensions: 640px x 741px ( colors) The Ottoman Empire extended its control through the Balkans. Form of government: Caliphate. It also spread northward into Europe, halting only when it could not conquer Vienna, and southwest as far as Morocco. Above: This map shows the lands of the former Ottoman Empire. var d = new Date(); var script = document.createElement("script"); This map shows the boundaries and major cities of the Ottoman Empire at the start of the First World War in 1914.

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