16 Oct monica turner ecologist
In other forest types (like lodgepole pine and spruce-fir forests), large crown fires that travel from tree to tree have been "business as usual" for thousands of years. However, the forests will not disappear completely, and native species will still be present. The weather conditions that produce big fires are now happening more often. For the past 10,000 years, Yellowstone has experienced large fires at 100- to 300-year intervals. However, the climate is changing fast, and my current research focuses on how Yellowstone’s forests may change in a warmer world with more fire. Our results suggest that forests will decline in Yellowstone during mid-century. The mature trees have thick bark that allows them to survive frequent surface fires. Monica Turner, a landscape ecologist in the Department of Integrative Biology, spent several decades studying the ecosystems of Yellowstone National Park after wildfires ravaged the … Unfortunately, until we can restore our atmosphere by reducing greenhouse gas emissions and stopping climate change, we can expect more of the same—and maybe worse. Climate is the big driver of “megafires” (individual fires that grow to more than 100,000 acres), but fuels also come into play. Some of the dry forests have become very dense due to decades of fire suppression. Burning embers and branches also travel on the wind for miles ahead of the main fire, allowing the fires to cross roads, rivers and lakes, and accelerating the spread of the fire. As landscape ecologist Monica Turner notes, the current California wildfires aren’t a random situation. But the lightning storm that started fires throughout the region at the same time was unusual, then strong winds blew for days. Your opinions are important to us. Lives were tragically lost, and thousands of people face terrible losses. For more than a decade, Turner, who just received the 2020 Eminent Ecologist Award from the Ecological Society of America, has warned that situations like the one that damaged Yellowstone could become more … Recent studies have shown that human-caused climate warming led the area burned each year in the West to double between 1979 and 2015. Hot temperatures dry out the fuels (all the live and dead vegetation, including trees, shrubs, grasses and logs) and set the stage for fire. Remaining forests will be younger and sparser than today. The tools ecologist Monica Turner uses in her research are unusual, including bear repellent, a bicycle-mounted weather station, protective eyewear, canoe, compass, and the occasional helicopter. The big trees are spaced apart, and the forests are easy to walk through. There are things we can do, however. Some tree species will decline as others increase. I have studied the patterns and effects of natural disturbances, focusing especially on fire in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Miles and miles of fire-killed trees will be the biggest short-term impact. In some of the dry forest types (such as ponderosa pine forests in the southwestern United States and parts of California), fires used to burn frequently and stay along the ground. Landscape ecologist Monica Turner: California wildfires aren’t a random situation, schools of political science and administration, » Recruit new employees on jobs.myScience, New benchmark to protect biodiversity after bushfires, Berkeley Lab Names Noël Bakhtian to Lead New Energy Storage Center, Early Trauma Influences Metabolism Across Generations. Some tree species will decline as others increase. Fifteen years ago, the connections between big fires and the hotter springs and summers, earlier snowmelt and longer fire seasons were clear. As fuels become drier and drier, fire size increases exponentially. For millions of people, small fish such as mackerel, sardines and anchovies are a crucial…, Queensland Fire and Emergency Services (QFES) crews are attending a grass fire burning at Moffatdale,…, International Trade Secretary steps up engagement with stakeholders across the UK as trade talks with…, On Sunday I will travel to Japan, Singapore, Brunei and the Philippines to advance bilateral…, The Morrison Government is providing $2.5 million towards the establishment of the Adelaide Holocaust Museum…, The Coalition Government implemented Operation Sovereign Borders, a military-led operation, in September 2013 as a…, /Public Release. This document is subject to copyright. Fires have burned even the old-growth forests of Oregon in the past, but there may be a few hundred years between fires. Historically, the forest has time to recover during the century or more before fire returns and the cycle begins again. What did you mean by that? Monica G. Turner University of Wisconsin-Madison. But the lightning storm that started fires throughout the region at the same time was unusual, then strong winds blew for days.