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In a similar way to FCOJ terminals, a nitrogen system provides nitrogen pressure to the entire installation of tanks and piping. As a result, the first melted portions have a lower °Brix content than completely liquid juice. They have their own port terminals and run a fleet of “citrus” tankers dedicated to shipping frozen concentrated orange juice. Much larger juice quantities can be packed in aseptic transport containers. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.With the full launch of the China-Thailand free trade area, China's fruit export to … The complex terminal operation is controlled by a modern automation system. What happens to bulk FCOJ en route from Brazil to Europe. Some of the major Brazilian processors run their own ships for bulk orange product. The FCOJ is transported to Santos by road tanker, and a continuous fleet of dedicated trucks makes the journey to and from Santos round the clock. The international transport chain for bulk orange product is shown in Figure 6.1. The distance from the fruit processing plants to the Port of Santos export hub ranges from 400 km to 800 km. The aseptic tanks are located in insulated refrigerated storage areas where the temperature is maintained at 0°C. There are two alternative ways to store bulk NFC – chilled under aseptic conditions or frozen. The factors that determine shipping costs. At the TASTE evaporator outlet, viscosity of 65°Bx concentrate is in the range of 300 cps. They are steam-sterilized and pressurized with nitrogen before filling. © The German Insurance Association (GDV e.V. After unloading, the ship takes in ballast and starts its return voyage to Santos. Figure 6.3 ), Advances in Coastal Research: Engineering, Industry, Economy, and Sustainable Development. Today, some companies also have aseptic storage capacity at ports for exporting NFC. Aseptic product is usually shipped in chilled conditions, though sometimes refrigeration is not used. 97–100. In assessing the alternative giving the lowest shipping cost per tonne product, weight limitations need to be taken into account. Figure 6.1. Operations are complex and much effort is spent in minimizing the inherent high risks. They are necessary to avoid an increase in microbial load on products, and to prevent a batch of juice of poor microbial quality from contaminating subsequent batches. by the ripeness index: this is determined by the Brix value, which is a measure of the sugar/acid ratio of the fruit. Generally, rental rates for refrigerated containers are double those for regular (dry) containers. The density for single-strength juice, such as NFC, is about 1.04 tonnes/m3 but about 1.3 tonnes/m3 for concentrate. Thus, the good handling procedures in common practice today must be followed closely. Grading of the fruits by size (gaging), color and other external features. One-tonne aseptic bag-in-box units are the most commonly used. Oranges are moderately sensitive to ethylene  and should thus not be stored with goods having an elevated ethylene production rate. In the US market the situation is different. Crystallization fouls the inside of the equipment, leading to an increased pressure drop or the creation of preferential channels in the heat exchanger, thereby reducing the cooling performance. Special ships with refrigerated aseptic tanks transport NFC from Brazil to the US and Europe. Some ready-to-drink juice is reconstituted from concentrate and packed in retail packages at processors in Florida, but most is transported as bulk FCOJ to packing plants around the US. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. Moreover, drums make less efficient use of shipping volume than rectangular bins. Zoom. Unlike concentrate, which is highly viscous but still pumpable when frozen, NFC freezes solid. Wooden bins are collapsible and returned for reuse (see Figure 6.2). In addition to concentrate, specialty products such as peel oil are also pumped from the tanker ship to storage tanks at the terminal, though in smaller volumes. The terminals normally also store large volumes of raw material and finished product in frozen drums. The handling and processing steps for NFC via the frozen route and the aseptic bag-in-box route are shown in Figure 6.3. The ships arrive in Europe at ports with dedicated dockside facilities to receive FCOJ. To reduce the costs of empty return voyages, the citrus tankers can also take on-deck freight containers (dry and refrigerated). The ship’s tanks are filled completely to allow little or no headspace. Finished blended products also undergo testing to ensure they meet the agreed specifications. Connect With us. No. Zoom Sometimes the final product is pasteurized after blending but prior to distribution (for instance in aseptic bags). Although the large unit sizes of transport containers provide better economy of scale for handling aseptic NFC, the cost risks associated with faulty operation or unsterile juice are much larger. The major Brazilian processors have built their own terminal facilities in Brazil, Europe and Japan. Quality control procedures include authenticity testing of the wide range of incoming raw materials. This necessitates correct design calculations for pumps and transfer lines (the latter are commonly 6 inches or larger). Figure 6.2 There is little or no headspace in the bags. Orange concentrate shipping schedules are closely controlled. The total cost for drum transport should take into account both the cost of drum manufacturing or reconditioning and potential disposal charges. From bulk storage in the tank farm, the juice products are pumped to six blending stations. Airfreight Transport of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables : A Review of the Environmental Impact and Policy Options. The import terminals have special facilities to allow aseptic unloading of NFC and routing it to dockside aseptic storage (see section 6.5.2). NFC in liquid. Operation of a terminal, as described in the example above, requires a practically unlimited choice of product routes. The transport chain eliminates a month of the shelf life in retail packaging. The handling of FCOJ in bulk tankers requires heavy investment in infrastructure like ships and special dockside terminals. The orange concentrate is loaded and transported at -10°C while NFC is shipped at a nominal 0°C. This competence forms a valuable part of the service offered by blending houses to their customers, along with the development of proprietary recipes. Soft-drink bases may include preservatives to make them shelf-stable. It has given way to ready-to-drink juices and now represents less than 5% of US orange juice retail volumes, measured as diluted juice. Get contact details and address of Fruits & Vegetables Transportation Services, Vegetable Transport Vehicle, Transportation of Fruits and Vegetables firms and companies Today, transporting FCOJ from a production site in Brazil to a European juice packer is a logistically streamlined, cost-effective and time-efficient process. At a NFC port terminal in Belgium, facilities for retail packaging of the juice are located at the same site, thereby eliminating the extra bulk road transport step and reducing the costs of delivering NFC juice products to consumers in Europe. The ship may also take freight containers on deck for the return voyage. Transporting FCOJ from Brazil to Europe is now a very streamlined, cost-effective and time-saving process. Please enter your details to continue reading the rest of the book of essential orange processing knowledge. Citrus fruits … As soon as the bulk tanker ship arrives at Santos, the stored product is pumped on board. 6.2 Bulk shipping of FCOJ. Aseptic bags of concentrate are typically put into frozen or chilled storage at the producer site. Investments in the port facilities provided the technical solutions required to integrate juice storage with aseptic shipping conditions. For shipping in tankers, the product is typically kept at -8 to -10°C. Experience gained from aseptic processing plants and NFC storage facilities in Florida has been vital in the construction of European terminals. Except for the transport by road tankers in Brazil, juice concentrate is maintained under a nitrogen blanket from processing plant storage to European terminal storage. It takes several days or even weeks for NFC in drums to freeze solid. Blended products are packed in drums and distributed frozen to juice packers. Transport chain for the bulk shipping of orange concentrate and NFC. Operations carried out by blending houses. Online communication of the control system with the scheduling and commercial departments is also important for this type of operation. The reverse process occurs when the product thaws in drums. Whether chilled or ambient conditions are used, asepticity must be maintained throughout the transport chain because reinfection of an individual bag may cause the bag to blow. Normally, the orange products used by the blending houses come from a larger number of countries than those used by the terminals. They may be used for storage and transport of NFC. As with drummed FCOJ, NFC in drums is shipped as frozen break bulk or in refrigerated containers. However, special terminal facilities are required for NFC transported in bulk aseptic tanks on ships. NFC in frozen drums and aseptic bag-in-box bulk containers can be unloaded at standard terminals having refrigerated and frozen warehousing. For concentrate, it is obvious that bulk shipping is more cost-effective than shipping reconstituted juice in retail packages because shipping volumes are 5-6 times smaller with concentrate. Single-strength juice starts to freeze at around -2°C. Aseptic totes are an alternative to aseptic bag-in-box containers. It is retail-packaged (typically in 12-ounce composite cans) in Florida and distributed frozen. Gadkari said Kisan Rail can load oranges from Warud, Katol, Morshi, Nagpur and Narkhed stations. Fruits & Vegetables Transportation Services, Vegetable Transport Vehicle Providers in India. (eds. In addition, it is not possible to respond quickly to market demands due to the long lead time required to get retail packages to the consumer. 106, pp. Blending procedures require specialist know-how on the products manufactured and their intended use. For this reason, drums of frozen NFC are usually shipped in 40 ft containers because a 20 ft container would not reach the maximum weight limit when fully loaded. Total loading is completed in 24-36 hours. Sloping bottoms ensure that the tanks can be completely drained. The first service was started from Bangalore to Hyderabad (Semi-Sleeper) on 7.7.2011 … Before unloading the ship, juice samples from onboard tanks are checked to confirm that the juice is microbiologically acceptable.
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